The main goal of data visualization is its ability to visualize data, communicating information clearly and effectively. Data visualization does not need to look boring to be functional, or extremely sophisticated to look beautiful. To convey ideas effectively, both aesthetic form and functionality need to go hand in hand, providing insights into a rather sparse and complex data set by communicating its key aspects in a more intuitive way.
Select a topic. Research initial data and add more layers of information by building up on the research. Collect information from newspapers, books, magazines, or the Internet. Sort the data to validate your argument or topic.
Make concepts for visual representations of information or data collected. The final poster should present the topic at several levels of perception: A general image composition that attracts interest through relevant form and use of graphic primitives; a second level in which specific information is provided.